School-enterprise Cooperation in China’s Vocational Education and Training
VTE English Edition - VTE English Edition NO.2, 2011

By Zhao Zhiqun

To explore training models based on school-enterprise cooperation has now become an important issue of the vocational education and training (VET) reform that aims at improving the quality of education. In China, such terms as “school-enterprise cooperation” (xiao qi he zuo), “combination of industry and education” (chan jiao jie he), “integrating working and learning” (gong xue jie he) and “combination of production, learning and research” (chan xue yan jie he) are interrelated. Broadly speaking, they mean that by making use of varied education resources and business contexts of schools and enterprises, vocational schools/colleges and the industries cooperate in terms of teaching, technology development and transfer, on the job training, teacher training, graduate employment and the like for a win-win training model between schools and enterprises. To make it simple, this paper will use “school-enterprise cooperation” hereinafter, which refers to the cooperation between vocational schools and enterprises in its narrow sense and joint efforts made by educational institutions and the industry in areas such as workforce training, technology development and service.